The ever-evolving digital age affects cyber security more than most people realize. The rate of cybercrimes has grown exponentially and is consistent with the growth of technology. As technology expands and develops, so do the cybercrimes that are committed. Fortunately, as technology has advanced, so has the ability to seek out cybercrimes before they happen and protect people when they occur.

We live in the Digital Age that is defined as a period in human history characterized by

Information we store on our devices is often private or very sensitive and need not be accessed by other users. Private information varies depending on the user. Such information includes bank pin numbers, email passwords, receipts, account usernames etc.

Risks and Threats to Information

Information both personal and non-personal is vulnerable to accidental loss and exposure but in some cases, Information may be specifically targeted. To avoid such occurrences organizations are required to practice good security practice to help them protect their information.

Good Security Practice

  1. Passwords and authentication.

Without good access control protocols, company information remains at risk. Each organization should have a firm policy on password strength and password update policies. Convey the importance of keeping those passwords private, and make sure your employees adhere to minimum password requirements.

Employees should also lock their computers when they are away from their desks. If you have employees accessing your network remotely, make sure that you know exactly when they are doing so, and why.

2. Implement hardware and software restrictions.

It’s important to place limitations on the types of installations and downloads that employees are allowed to perform on company computers. Employees should not be allowed to install or download any software on company technology that is not previously reviewed and authorized. Explain to your employees the importance of avoiding freeware and shareware and how this type of software can become a threat. What may appear to be an innocuous download for work purposes can easily introduce a virus to your network and expose sensitive business data.

3. Frequent Data Back up

Data is the most important aspect of your computer. An operating system can be reinstalled and so can applications, but it may be difficult or impossible to recreate your original data.

It is essential that you always back up your important information and has a plan for recovering from a system failure. An attacker could crash a computer’s operating system or data may be corrupted or wiped out by a hardware problem. Computers can be lost, stolen, or destroyed in a fire or other catastrophe.

You should back up your personal or critical work data on a regular basis. This means copying your files over to a protected system that you can access when those files are needed.

4. Antivirus and anti-spyware software

Keeping your software up-to-date is vital for optimal security. You should update your operating system, probably Windows, and other Microsoft products, such as Microsoft Office.

It’s important that your security software, your anti-virus and anti-spyware programs, be kept up-to-date as well. The process for updating this software depends on the specific programs that you have. Most security programs today have a feature to automatically keep you up to date. You can also manually update your programs. To do this you must open the program and initiate the update process.

5. Educate and Train Your Users

No matter how skilled they are, your users will always be the weakest link when it comes to securing your most valuable information. But the good news is, security teams can limit this risk through regular training and education pertinent to the organization’s cyber security policies. This training should include how to recognize a phishing email, a vising scam, how to create heavy-duty passwords, how to avoid dangerous applications, how to take information out of the company in a secure fashion, and other germane user security risks.

In conclusion Many organizations are undergoing comprehensive IT transformation efforts that involve moving to more flexible infrastructures utilizing cloud services and software-defined systems and networks. Make sure that security is a foundational component of these initiatives, so that your organization is positioned to be more agile and highly secure.